eCommerce is one of the key components in a country’s digital economy agenda. The Malaysian government recognized the importance of eCommerce to the country’s economy based on two important reasons. First and foremost, eCommerce ensures existing Malaysian businesses to continue to be sustainable in the future and secondly, eCommerce helps to expand Malaysian businesses market access not just domestically, but also globally. According to Malaysia’s National eCommerce Strategic Roadmap document,
“By the end of 2014, Global eCommerce (B2C) sales exceeded $1 trillion with every continent seeing double-digit growth (doubling in four to five years). For Malaysia, eCommerce is the future—a way to protect its existing businesses and a means to pursue new opportunities. If successful, Malaysia will be able to compete on an equal footing in the ASEAN region and ultimately in the world”.
Source: National eCommerce Strategic Roadmap
Launched on 13 October 2016, Malaysia’s National eCommerce Strategic Roadmap (NeSR) encompasses the strategies and objectives of the Malaysian government as the champion of eCommerce agenda and it provided a strategic platform for close collaboration with local and global eCommerce eco-system players. A notable key success story was the official launch of Digital Free Trade Zone (DFTZ) at KL International Airport in November 2017. DFTZ has two key objectives. Firstly, it aims to**“establish Malaysia as regional eCommerce eFulfilment hub”** and secondly, to “drive export of Malaysian SMEs via eCommerce”. Under the first objective, there will be an end-to-end platform for cross border trade facilitation that will deliver expedited and seamless cross-border eCommerce Fulfilment process. On the other hand, the second objective will focus in enhancing the process efficiency and effectiveness of eCommerce Fulfilment by accelerating end-to-end turnaround time for cargo clearance through real-time cargo tracking and efficient enforcement through data analytics and machine learning.
Contrary to popular belief, the topic eCommerce does not only cover eCommerce Marketplace and eCommerce Payment services, but it also covers eCommerce Fulfilment services, which is the most crucial part of the entire eCommerce value chain eco-system. Within eCommerce Fulfilment space itself, there are three sub-domains namely Order Management & Warehousing services, Shipping & Logistics services, and Last-mile Delivery services. In this article, we will be discussing in high-level how Blockchain technology can be utilized by eCommerce Fulfilment players to achieve their business objectives of exceeding their customer’s experience and achieving operational efficiency.
According to a survey conducted by Peerless Research Group (PRG) on behalf of Modern Materials Handling and Honeywell Integrated, the task of satisfying the ever-increasing and demanding eCommerce customers is placing enormous strains on eCommerce Fulfilment process and its managers. The survey concluded that “many reported concerns about their ability to respond to these intensifying challenges. More than one-half said that customer demands have intensified dramatically (51%) during the past 24 months and most others (37%) also contend that while expectations are escalating, the pressures may not be as extreme”. Because of these pressures, eCommerce Fulfilment service providers are more closely looking at the methods in which they are managing their order taking and Fulfilment operations. Furthermore the survey stated that eCommerce Fulfilment services providers viewed that ”fulfilling more orders, faster, at a lower cost and with greater accuracy are challenges with which many are grappling. And, to support operations and preserve customer loyalty, the anxieties associated with getting orders out the door with insufficient manpower is also a top concern (25%)”.
Source: Honeywell Integrated Research Brief
In addition to the above, the survey also found that “when it comes to identifying constraints to operational efficiencies, many reported that labor shortages, inadequate workspace and sub-standard inventory management processes stand in the way of their organization’s ability to achieve operational excellence.”
Source: Honeywell Integrated Research Brief
To mitigate the challenges mentioned above, eCommerce Fulfilment service providers “are addressing these challenges by making changes to their current facilities. The two most common initiatives include deploying more automated systems (44%) and adding manpower to their current labor force (37%); employing process improvement strategies and expanding the footprint of current facilities are also top of mind”.
In addition to the above, the survey conducted also revealed that the eCommerce Fulfilment service providers are also having operational challenges such as “bottlenecks related to inventory management (39%) are the most likely deterrents to supply chain adaptability. Order processing, production, as well as delays brought on by suppliers are also common problems among the survey group”.
Connecting the Dots
Blockchain technology stands as the best technology platform candidate to solve the issues being faced by eCommerce Fulfilment service providers. During Blockchain Revolution Global event earlier this year in Toronto, Canada, Dale Chrystie, FedEx Business Strategist and Blockchain Fellow, Mahesh Sahasranaman, Principal Architect, UPS Supply Chain Solutions, and Eugene Laney, Head of International Government Affairs for DHL USA, made history by sharing a single stage and found unilaterality agreed that Blockchain can transform the global supply chain. According to Dale Chrystie, “This is not a process improvement initiative. This is a breakthrough discussion. This is a different way to think about how global clearance looks in the future”.
The three of them collective agreed that there is an immediate need for uniform standards and onboarding governments on Blockchain technology adoption for global supply chain. Laney added that “Blockchain is a team sport; no one company today completes customer supply chain shipments by itself,” further cementing his understanding of Blockchain technology’s importance and impact to not just to his company’s operations but also to the global supply chain market eco-system. Sahasranaman also supported the matter by saying “the supply chain panel between UPS, FedEx and DHL should stand out as an example – that organizations regardless of how hard they compete, must seek to collaborate in areas that would maximize benefits from this technology to all supply chain participants.” For governments, it is imperative for them to be onboard on the topic as their role as regulators are key to “debottleneck” the issue. FedEx Logistics CEO Richard Smith rightfully said that “You’re the government. You can mandate that it’s widely adopted.’ Why not plant a flag in the ground and say in the next five years all importers have to be up on blockchain? It’s the only way you’re going to be able to do it without slowing commerce to a crawl.”
One of the areas of opportunity on how Blockchain technology can be adopted in eCommerce Fulfilment process will be in the real-time, end-to-end tracking of items ordered online and delivered to customers. In NEM’s Blockchain technology “Smart Asset System”, items ordered online are represented as “Mosaics” or digital assets. The “Mosaics” are stored in NEM Wallets or user accounts of the operational staff involved in the entire eCommerce Fulfilment process. The movements of the items from Warehousing & Order Fulfilment, to Shipping & Logistics and finally to Last-mile Delivery can be viewed inside the Blockchain environment through a web-based Blockchain Explorer. The Blockchain Explorer can be renamed as real-time “Track-n-Trace” page and customized further to allow secure access by relevant eCommerce Fulfilment service provider’s staff, eCommerce Merchants, online customers who ordered the items and even government regulators. With the Blockchain Explorer or Blockchain-powered “Track-n-Trace” page, all issues pertaining to the items ordered and being processed can be identified and rectified immediately by all relevant parties.
Secondly, NEM will introduce a unique feature, among others, called “Multi-level Multisignature Accounts” in its next-generation Blockchain technology called Catapult, slated to be released by fourth quarter of 2019. The unique feature is highly suitable for eCommerce Fulfilment process whereby it allows the interaction various parties involved in a certain process on NEM’s Catapult and it is described further below.
NEM Catapult ‘Multi-level Multisignatures Account’ Use Case. (https://nem.io/catapult/)
In addition to the above, NEM’s Blockchain technology is a versatile Blockchain protocol that is highly suited for the enterprise needs of eCommerce Fulfilment process. With NEM’s “Smart Asset System”, NEM Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), and Software Development Kits (SDKs) available in Catapult, eCommerce Fulfilment service providers will be able to easily integrate NEM with their back-end systems. This unique capability removes the need to replace their entire back-end systems, further protects their Return on Investment (ROI) and improve Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) on existing systems.
Solution Design and Architecture Flexibility with NEM. (https://nem.io/technology/)
Last but not least, NEM’ Blockchain technology is much safer for use by eCommerce Fulfilment service providers as it does not allow ‘on-chain’ Smart Contracts on the Blockchain. With ‘on-chain’ Smart Contracts deployment that are available on other Blockchain protocols, the immutable state of security loopholes such as ‘bugs’ and coding errors will be very expensive and time-consuming eCommerce service providers to pay, on top of the initial project contract value that was agreed upon in the first place. In addition, ‘off-chain’ Smart Contracts practice allows flexible and safer, business logics or codes design and testing, prior to go-live stage.
In a nutshell, NEM’s Blockchain technology adds tremendous value by enforcing the much-needed end-to-end business process transparency and full accountability on the people involved in the entire eCommerce Fulfilment process. The capabilities described above will allow eCommerce Fulfilment service providers to better serve and exceed their online customers’ and their eCommerce Merchant’s expectations, while improving their back-end business process’ overall operational efficiency.
In conclusion, with NEM’s Blockchain technology, eCommerce Fulfilment eco-system players will have a shorter, simpler and cost-effective approach in enhancing their existing eCommerce Fulfilment systems’ capabilities, as compared to other Blockchain protocols. NEM is keen to explore potential collaborative opportunities with eCommerce Fulfilment eco-system players and contribute to further the advancement and growth of the global eCommerce industry.
In the next article, we will discuss and explore how NEM’s Blockchain technology can be used in the eCommerce Marketplace space. Stay tuned for more information and latest updates by following us at https://nem.io/catapult/ and https://forum.nem.io/.
About NEM.io Foundation
The NEM.io Foundation is incorporated in Singapore as a company limited by guarantee. The sole purpose of the Foundation is to provide NEM’s blockchain technology across all industry players – governments & public sector, private sector and academia - through an array of support and education, from training events and service providers to technical support for the ecosystem. The Foundation is charting new territories in making NEM’s blockchain technology available to the masses with the scheduled roll-out of its next-generation blockchain technology called Catapult in the fourth quarter of 2019.
About the Author
Andy Roy Sian spent a few years in Malaysia’s premier Postal & Courier organization engaging internal and external stakeholders, and other eCommerce eco-system’s partners in the topic of eCommerce. Together with his team members, he participated in industry events as guest speaker and actively collaborated with Malaysian federal and state government agencies in championing eCommerce sector’s growth. One of his key roles was in engaging Sarawak state government ministers and senior officials on potential areas of collaboration. In addition, he also contributed key points that were included into Sarawak government’s digital economy agenda roadmap document under the eCommerce and Smart City – Transportation, Logistics and Supply Chain clusters.